Many people are unaware that if caught early gum disease, this is totally reversible. On the other hand, is a more common than we all believe disease, such as gingivitis affects about 50% of adults. So if you are having symptoms, do not panic, because it is not a good periodontist disease or hygienist cannot handle. Now, it is very important to be alert and periodic inspections begin as soon as it is easier to deal with the problem when the disease is just beginning, and if left unchecked could have more serious consequences. Then we’ll tell you more about gum disease, so you know when to alert you, what should you do and how you can prevent this condition.
To split is necessary to explain that gum disease has three stages. Here you can read about each stage.
As we have seen countless post, we know that the plate is the accumulation of food, bacteria and waste matter that accumulates on teeth. This can irritate the gums and, if not removed daily, could infiltrate the gum line, causing it to swell, and feeling pain and may bleed when you brush your teeth.
At this stage all that is required to prevent things from getting worse is to remove plaque before it can harden into tartar. Brush teeth thoroughly and regularly or have them professionally cleaned should be enough to get rid of plaque. Once this is done, the gums begin to recover quickly without additional action is required.
If you need a professional treatment, is likely to be a scale and polish. This process is when a special kind of toothpaste that is sandy used, applies to an electronic brush and other tools to get a thorough cleaning, trying to reach all parts of the mouth.
The gum disease is more common among people who are struggling to clean your entire mouth, as those with braces, or misaligned teeth.
The specialist should teach you the techniques to make you more effective brushing and can recommend a special mouthwash for these cases. It is likely, but not always, has to take some antibiotics.
Important: Pay attention if your gums bleed easily or if they become red and swollen. Sometimes it does not hurt, but you should realize appearance. If plaque is not removed daily, your gingivitis can turn into periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease and occurs when these become irritated and inflamed both begin pulling away from the teeth. This causes plaque to accumulate under the gum line, place where you will not be able to come up with brush, so this will become tartar buildup.
When plaque builds up in this place, there is an additional irritation to the gums, which also begin to affect bone structure in the jaw, causing the bone to contract. Thus begins a vicious circle, because the space created between the tooth and gum becomes deeper. The weakening of the bone structure can cause the loss of teeth, or the need to remove them.
When it has reached this stage, you cannot heal completely, but you can stop the progression of periodontitis, this happens if you improve your oral hygiene. Depending on how advanced is the situation; you will need to visit a specialist to start a periodontal treatment. The dentist will know the level of complexity of the disease by a probe that lets you see how far you have come gums, or could also do with X-rays to examine the state of bone mass.
If things are bad you might need a root polishing. While this process is a little awkward usually done under local anesthesia, so you will not feel discomfort in the gums during treatment.
- Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
This third stage is also known as “trench mouth”. This happens when there is bacterial infection and can develop rapidly, causing painful sores quickly and bad breath. As gingivitis is usually painless, this stage is the opposite, is perhaps so painful that you cannot stand to brush your teeth or eat, and you may also have difficulty speaking.
If this is your case, it’s really urgent and important that you will seek specialist immediately. Probably this will prescribe antibiotics to start and an antiseptic mouthwash. Also, as always, with more emphasis you take care of your oral hygiene routine, incorporating flossing if you’re not already doing.
Smokers are more likely to develop this condition, sufferers also a period of stress are more likely to suffer. Obviously, those with poor dental hygiene are also more likely to have ulcerative gingivitis. And finally, as is a bacterial infection, if you have low defenses you’re also more likely to suffer from this painful disease.
How to prevent gum disease
As explained above, the accumulation of plaque is the fundamental problem that this disease develops, so brushing is essential when to prevent it.
However, there are other factors that come into play; for example, smokers are at increased risk of gum disease, which simply add another entry to the long list of reasons to quit this bad habit.
There are other factors which, unfortunately, are not under our control and make us more prone to this disease. For example, people with diabetes are more likely to have problems with your gums, so if you suffer from diabetes, have to have more attention in this area and control yourself with a dentist regularly. Furthermore, hormonal imbalances may also affect the gums; generally these hormonal disorders are when women are pregnant or stage of puberty.
Since the early stages of gum disease may be more difficult to detect for the common eye, it is important to go regularly to check with the dentist, so that it can be treated early. Also make sure you have a good brushing technique, and floss regularly.