Types of periodontal diseases in children

It is commonly believed that periodontal diseases occur in adults, however, a large percentage of cases occur in the youngest. This is a review of these ailments in children.

Aggressive periodontitis: it can affect young people who are otherwise totally healthy. Localized aggressive periodontitis is found in adolescents and young adults and mainly affects the first molars and incisors. It is characterized by severe loss of alveolar bone, but in turn, patients usually form very little plaque or calculus.

Generalized aggressive periodontitis: may start around puberty and involve the entire mouth. It is characterized by inflammation of the gums and by the large accumulation of plaque and calculus.

Eventually it can cause mobility and subsequent tooth loss. Chronic gingivitis: it is common in children. It usually causes inflammation of the gum tissue, which becomes red and bleeds easily. Gingivitis can be prevented and treated with a regular routine of dental care, brushing, flossing and professional care. However, if it is allowed to progress, it may eventually evolve to the most severe forms of periodontal disease.

Periodontitis associated with systemic diseases: it appears in children and adolescents as it does in adults. Conditions that make children more susceptible to periodontal disease include:

  • Type I diabetes
  • Down’s syndrome
  • Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome

For example, in an examination of 263 type I diabetics, in children 11 to 18 years of age, 10 percent had overt periodontitis.